Zheng et al (2016) MiR-219 Protects Against Seizure in the Kainic Acid Model of Epilepsy

The level of miR-219 was decreased in both the kainic acid (KA)-induced epilepsy model and in cerebrospinal fluid specimens of epilepsy patients. Importantly, silencing of miR-219 by its antagomir in vivo resulted in seizure behaviors, abnormal cortical electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings in the form of high-amplitude and high-frequency discharges, and increased levels of CaMKIIγ and an NMDA receptor component, NR1, in a pattern similar to that found in KA-treated mice. Moreover, treatments with the miR-219 agomir in vivo alleviated seizures, abnormal EEG recordings, and decreased levels of CaMKIIγ and NR1 in KA-treated mice. Furthermore, treatment with MK-801, an antagonist of NMDA receptors, significantly alleviated abnormal EEG recordings induced by miR-219 antagomir.

Zhang et al (2016)